How can territorial housing needs be better addressed ?
Type of text :
Opinion and report
Type of referral :
Working group :
Section for the Sustainable Management of territories
Date adopted : 03/14/2017
Many households are unable to find quality housing in line with their needs, mobility or purchasing power at territorial level, and this problems affects mainland France and Overseas alike. The Abbé Pierre Foundation's 2017 report on The state of inadequate housing in France puts the number of people in inadequate housing at 4 million. According to the French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE), an average of 18.3% of a household's earnings went towards housing costs in mainland France in 2013, once any housing benefits had been deducted (net affordability ratio). The average affordability ratio rises to 28% for home-buyers and 27% for tenants in the private sector.
But for all that, the number of housing units in mainland France rose from 19 million in 1970 to 34 million in 2013, of which 28 million were primary residences. This increase has come hand-in-hand with improvements in terms of comfort and average surface area per person. Housing is a complex entity, with economic, social, environmental, urban and political implications coming into the equation. Housing demand is difficult to ascertain as it mirrors demographic and societal changes and the appeal of territories, which leads to widely varying property prices in practice.