Marine and inland fish farms : stakes and conditions for successful sustainable development
Aquaculture involves breeding fish, shellfish and crustaceans for example, as well as growing seaweed in fresh or seawater. Anchored in coastal and rural areas, it contributes to their appeal and provides food products that are proving increasingly popular with consumers. In interaction with other water uses (agricultural, industrial, domestic and tourist for example), aquaculture requires a pristine environmental quality on which it must endeavour not to have an adverse effect.
Today, stagnating volumes from fishing have prompted many countries to develop their own aquaculture which, worldwide, is now producing as much as the latter.