Opinion of the esec on article 1 of the energy bill
Type of text :
Type of referral :
Working group :
section for economic activities and section for the environment
Date adopted : 02/20/2019
Article 1 of the energy bill proposed by the Government aims at updating, across four areas, the targets set for France by the Energy Transition for Green Growth Act (LTECV) adopted in 2015. First of all, it replaces the so-called "factor 4" target (75% fewer greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 compared with 1990 in France) with a "net-zero" target,
i.e. carbon neutrality goal, by this time scale. It then lowers the LTECV's mid-term target to reduce energy consumption by 20% in 2030 compared with 2012 levels to 17% by this date. On the other hand, it raises the target decrease in fossil fuel consumption by this date from 30 to 40%. Finally, it pushes back the time scale for achieving the LTECV target of a 50% decrease for the nuclear energy share in the electricity generation mix from 2025 to 2035.